South China Tigers By Mayzee Hsu
<div>In the early 1950s there were about 4,000 South China Tigers. About 46 years later in 1996, only 30-80 tigers were left. Now there are less than 20 in the wild, not including zoos. South China Tigers are quickly disappearing because of poaching, habitat destruction, and the use of tigers in medicinal products, all caused by humans. Many people are now taking action to save the smallest tiger subspecies alive.Panthera Tigris Amoyensis, or the South China Tiger, live up to 18-25 years in solitary in the Hainan Moist Forests (SouthEast China), which is now less than 200 square miles because of deforestation. When the British Expansion happened, Victorians hunted South China Tigers for game, decreasing the tiger population greatly. Because of the rapidly increasing population in Asia, slash and burn techniques decrease the Hainan Moist Forests. Since then, the South China Tiger has been labeled endangered since 1993, along with other species of tigers.The tigers, now critically endangered and most likely the next line of tigers to be extinct, are disappearing because of the use of tiger body parts for medicinal treatments, other products, habitat depletion, the rapidly growing human population, and the now lesser used method of hunting. </div>
<div>Several different issues are causing the South China Tigers’ disappearances, but deforestation is a huge one, along with the use of tiger products. The issues is that South China Tigers are used for Chinese medicinal purposes and because of the ever so growing population in Asia, deforestation is need, and the tigers’ habitats are shrinking. Even though this isn’t much of a threat anymore, poaching and killing were a big issues in the 1960s-1970s, when the big tiger hype was around. Many thought of tigers to be big, dangerous pests, so each one spotted were killed. Luckily in 1979 China banned tiger hunting, but it wasn’t enough to prevent the South China Tiger’s (and other tigers’) to be endangered. The South China Tiger and many other endangered animals reminds humans that they are only endangered because of cruel wrongdoings that humans caused for survival and economy (i.e. poaching and illegal trade). Though the issues are big, the effects they’re making are even bigger, impacting the world. Unfortunately the causes, cannot, be reversed.Like in the introduction, Victorians of the British Expansion hunted tigers for game, and later on people rid of tigers, thinking of them as pests. By the mid-1990s documents propose that only 50 or less, all descendants from 6 wild tigers, were all left in captivity. Habitat destruction, another big cause, is because of Asia’s growing economy and population density, resulting in slash and burn destruction to the Hainan Moist Forests. According to the Chinese, tigers have great and powerful medicinal properties, resulting in using them in medicine. Some examples of tiger usage in medicine include using powdered bone to cure toes burns and swellings, tiger bone wine as a general tonic and energy booster, and tiger bone broth to heal joint swellings. Breeding farms are used to breed tigers for medicinal trade and profits. </div>
<div>There are many solutions to the quick, nearly extinct South China Tiger. Some foundations had come up with ideas to promote tiger extinction and repopulating tigers. A project called Tx2 has a goal of doubling the tiger population by 2022, the year of the tiger. The biggest foundation supporting animals alike (World Wildlife Fund), WWF, has teamed up with Ikea, forming a partnership, stating the use of efficient and small portions of the use of natural resources. The World Wildlife Fund also encourages the locals’ participation, which benefits forest resource conservation, promoting forestry practices, and managing protected areas of endangered animals’ natural habitats. The Tiger Trust Foundation, founded by Michael “Tiger Mike” Day in 1992, uses programs, projects, campaigns, and people’s cooperation to promote the endangered tigers and save all the endangered tigers, including the South China Tiger. Taiwan and China banned all poaching, product selling, and anything made with tigers in hope of repopulating the feline species once again. Many people are participating to bring back tigers alike. The South China Tiger is no doubt the next tiger extinct, and the Siberian and Sumatran Tiger are following the South China Tiger, next in line for extinction.The critically endangered South China Tiger, going to be extinct because of habitat destruction and the use of tigers in products, are caused by humans, but humans are working on populating tigers, trying their best to prevent any extinction. Products with tigers as their ingredient and deforestation are issues that caused the great downfall of South China Tigers, but the effects, both negative and positive, influenced others to stand up and fight for the near extinction of tigers, inspiring more and more to follow, making programs and projects to populate the tigers’ population to the fullest once again. </div>
<div>This Global Forest Watch map shows parts of the Hainan Moist Forests. The blue area stands for the protected areas, while the red area stands for tree loss. The green area stands for tree cover extent.</div>
<div>The critically endangered South China Tiger drinking from a puddle in its natural habitat.</div>
<div>This chart shows which parts of the tiger is good for curing different diseases.</div>
<div>Many Chinese medicinal products include the tiger's body parts as a remedy, such as the creams and herbal, dried body parts shown above.</div>
<div style="text-align: center;"><b>The Issue(s)</b></div>
<div style="text-align: center;"><b>Cause &amp; Effect</b></div>
<div style="text-align: center;"><b>Solutions</b></div>
<div> This project wasn't featured in my essay, but is another project done by WWF. Project Tiger, another project for saving tigers by World Wildlife Fund, is planning to save tigers in India and and Nepal.</div>
<div>This is the symbol representing and promoting the project Tx2, which is a project to double the tiger population by 2022, or the next year of the tiger.</div>
<div>This video has more information on the South China Tiger, such as more detail on their habitats and usual diet. </div> Spread the word folks! We have to help, or do something... Be sure to make suggestions on some more videos, I'm doing some montages coming up...
<div>This other video, also from YouTube, has more information on the use of tigers in Chinese medicinal practices.</div> Traditional Chinese Medicine has many wonderful cures for both mind and body but there's also a dark side to this practice.
<div>This bar graph shows the population of captive (black bar) and wild (yellow bar) tigers from 2000 to 2015. </div>
<div>This before and after map of the tigers' population shows the distribution of tigers in 1900 (yellow area) and the population now (orange-striped area). </div>