A Victorian Weaving Family's House | Colne Valley
<div><span style="font-size:18px;"><b>The Wash Stand</b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">With no running water in the cottage, the family would wash using this jug and bowl. All the water would have to be carried by hand from the well.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Imagine it's a cold winter's morning and you have to get up ready to help the family with all the work. There is ice on the inside of the windows. You only have candlelight to see by, and the water is cold... enjoy your morning wash!</span></div><div><br></div>
<div><span style="font-size:18px;"><b>The Cottage Bedroom and Spinning Room</b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">This room of the weaver's cottage would have been a room to work in and a room to sleep in.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">The quieter job of spinning was carried out here by the older girls and women of the family. What do you notice about where the spinning wheels are placed in the room?</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Can you see the truckle bed? It's the smaller bed that slides under the main bed and is pulled out for use.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">In rich homes, a servant would sleep in the truckle bed, in the same room as their employer, ready to jump up and attend to their duties if necessary.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">In poorer homes they were used for members of the family.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Did you know: 'Truckle' is an old word meaning 'wheels' or 'casters'.</span></div><div><br></div>
<div><span style="font-size:18px;"><b>Large Windows or 'Lights'</b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">At the time when the Pearson family were living and working here, there was no electricity. Big windows (called 'lights') let in lots of natural daylight to work by and the weaving loom would have been positioned right by the windows.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">How else would large windows affect the environment inside the building?</span></div><div><br></div><div>Image: Colne Valley Museum</div>
<div><span style="font-size:18px;"><b>Kitchen</b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">The family kitchen was a busy place where a lot of work was carried out. Washing,cooking and even spinning would have all taken place here. </span></div><div><br></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Spinning was a messy and smelly activity, so If the weather was fine, it was done outside and women would gather together to share news talk among friends as they worked.</span></div><div><br></div><div>Image: Colne Valley Museum</div>
<div><span style="font-size:18px;">Rag Rugs</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Stone floors are cold, and there was no central heating like we have today. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">All the family would have worked to help create rag rugs in their spare time, like the one pictured here, to help keep the cottage a bit warmer. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">The rugs were made from bits of sacking and old fabric such as worn out clothes. Because they were made of scraps, all the rag rugs would have looked different.</span></div><div><br></div><div>Image: Colne Valley Museum</div><div><br></div><div><br></div><div><br></div><div><br></div>
<div><span style="font-size:18px;"><b>Handloom Weaving </b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Over 100 years after handlooms like this stopped being used in England, this craft is still practiced in the same way today in India. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Watch the process of weaving on this short video.</span></div><div><br></div> www.youtube.com Please click on http://www.indiavideo.org/kerala/heritage/craft/chirakkal-handloom-village-195.php#Desc for more information Video by http://www.invismultime...
<div><span style="font-size:18px;"><b>The Loom</b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Although this image shows two looms side by side, at the time the weaver's cottage was making cloth, there would have only been one loom. It would have sat right by the windows so the weaver had as much light as possible.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Can you imagine how strong the floor must be to hold the weight of this loom?</span></div><div><br></div><div>Image: Colne Valley Museum</div><div><br></div>
<div><span style="font-size:18px;">The Pearson's House</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">This weaver's cottage has been restored to almost the exact same layout as it was when the Pearson's first built it in 1845.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">The Pearson's lived and worked in this cottage, producing hand woven cloth until 1870. At this time large factories with big weaving machines could produce the cloth at a cheaper price and family owned cottage industries like the Pearson's went out of business.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">This cottage is now one of the last of its kind and is an incredibly important part of our heritage.</span></div><div><br></div><div>Image: Colne Valley Museum</div><div><br></div><div><br></div>
<div><span style="font-size:18px;"><b>Cottage Design</b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">This part of the house was where the family lived. Above were the handlooms which took up all of the top floor. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">You might notice that there are no stairs between the living area and the work area. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Can you see how the family would have moved between the two levels?</span></div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:18px;">Listen to a Loom</span></b></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">In some areas of the world, looms like this one are still in use and people weave beautiful cloth by hand. This sound recording of a hand weaving loom was taken in Bhagalupur, India.</span></div><div><br></div><div>Audio: Phonoflora | Freesound.org</div>
<div><span style="font-size:18px;"><b>The Kitchen Range</b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">The coal fired range was incredibly important to the family. It was the only source of heat for the whole cottage. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">On the left is the bucket that held the coal. The fire would be built up high so that it would keep going all night and be easy to get going again in the morning.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Can you see the bellows that were used to pump oxygen into the fire to keep it going?</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">The big pan at the front of the range is where havvercakes ( a type of local oatcake) were griddled.</span></div><div><br></div><div>Image: Colne Valley Museum</div> s3.thingpic.com

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