A child's Roman sandal
<div><span style="font-size:16px;">This sandal is over 1,700 years old! It belonged to a child and the insole has been carefully decorated.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">It was dug up by </span><b><span style="font-size:16px;">archaeologists</span></b><span style="font-size:16px;"> at a Roman Villa called Dalton Parlours in West Yorkshire, UK. The image above shows what Dalton Parlours might have looked like. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Many <b>artefacts</b> or objects have been found from the Villa, and we can learn a lot about Roman life from studying them. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">There are some things we will never know, however, like who this shoe belonged to, what kind of person they were and why they lost their sandal! <b>What do you think happened?</b></span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">See this object for real at Leeds City Museum, UK.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:10px;">Image: Leeds Museums and Galleries</span></div>
<div><span style="font-size:16px;">We can use other <b>historical sources</b> to find out what kind of sandals the Romans wore. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">This sandal wearing foot is part of a Roman sculpture. It is a <b>primary </b>historical source as it was made by the Romans themselves. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">What other sources or might you use to explore Roman life?</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">See this object for real at Leeds City Museum, UK.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:10px;">Image: LeedsMuseums&amp;Galleries</span></div>
<div><span style="font-size:16px;">As it is made from animal skin, leather needs to be carefully prepared to keep it soft and stop it from rotting. This is called </span><b><span style="font-size:16px;">tanning</span></b><span style="font-size:16px;">, and is a long, messy and often stinky process.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">This photo shows a <b>tannery</b> in use today in Morocco, Africa, which was once part of the Roman empire. It is not very different from a tannery in Roman times.</span></div><div><br></div>
<div><span style="font-size:16px;">The Romans were skilled at working with leather and produced many different designs of sandals. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Just like today, they were different fashions and quality. If you were wealthy, you could afford to buy a pair of red dyed sandals to show everyone how rich you were. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">What kind of sandal would you design?</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:10px;">Image: Wellcome Trust | Wikimedia | CC BY 4.0</span></div><div><br></div><div><br></div>
<div><span style="font-size:16px;">The sandals that Roman soldiers wore were very different from everyday footwear like this child's sandal. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Soldiers' footwear was called <b>Caligae </b>and were thought of as boots rather than sandals, even though to us they look like sandals.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">A soldier's boot had a very thick sole with </span><b><span style="font-size:16px;">hobnails </span></b><span style="font-size:16px;">(iron nails) on the bottom. The hobnails held the layers of the sole together and gave good grip.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:10px;">Image: National Museum Wales | Flickr | CC BY NC 2.0 </span></div>
<div><span style="font-size:16px;">The Romans used trade routes and connections that already existed in <b>Brittania </b>(Britain), and they also developed new ones with other parts of their Empire.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Through these trade routes, the Romans brought many goods to Britain, including wine, tomatoes, olive oil and cabbages. </span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">If you can't imagine life without cabbages, then you have the Romans to thank for importing them!</span></div><div><br></div><div>Image: Adhavoc | CC BY-SA 3.0 | Wikimedia</div>
<div><span style="font-size:16px;">Sandals like this and other objects such as toys, writing tablets and gravestones can tell us a lot about what life was like for Roman children.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Find out more with this BBC video for primary pupils.</span></div><div><br></div> www.youtube.com Suitable for teaching 7-11s. Bettany Hughes looks at the life of children in Roman Britain, discovering how tough life was for them - but also that it could ...

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