The Himalayas are the highest mountain range in the world they across the northern border of India. The mountains form a natural border between the subcontinent of India and Asia. The Himalayas mean 'home of snows'.
The Ganges River is a good source of water, since it carries melted ice from the Himalayas. The river carries rich sediment from the Himalayas and when the river passes through the plains it leaves the rich sediment which makes the soil great for farming. The Ganga River system Physical Geography of India - YouTube
The Brahmaputra River starts up high on the Himalayas. Every summer monsoon rains make the river overflow, making the soil very rich.
Brahmaputra River
Deccan Plateau
The Deccan Plateau is a triangle shaped Plateau between two mountain ranges in souther India. It is made of many different types of land. Monsoon rains provide most of the water for the Plateau. The soil in Plateau is black, yellow, and red. The black soil is rich in iron and is good for growing cotton. It is harder to farm crops in the red and yellow soil.
The Eastern and Western Ghats are two mountain ranges along the coasts of India and meet at the southern times of India. The Western Ghats are are higher than the Eastern Ghats. The wet climate in the Ghats encourage the growth of tropical plants. The Western Ghat is also wetter than the Eastern Ghat. Difference Between Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats - YouTube
The Hindu Kush Mountains form a fierce barrier betweeen India and present-day Afghanistan. The mountains aren't as tall as the Himalayas but they are still one of the tallest in the world. Some of its peaks reach up five miles high and are permanently covered with snow and ice. The Khyber Pass is a 28 mile long pass in the mountains that is used to trade and sometimes invaders Lao used this pass.
The Thar Desert is mostly made of sand and stone. It gets 4-20 inches of rain each year. The shortage of water makes it possible for only grass and low, hardy shrubs to grow in the Thar Desert. The dry conditions of the desert makes dust storms common. There are more than 45 different kinds of lizards and snakes in the Thar Desert.
The Indus River begins in the Himalayas, it gets water from the melting snow from the Hindu Kush mountains and other mountain ranges. The river flows through the Indus River valley, then Pakistan, and eventually empties out into the Arabian Sea. The Indus River Valley is good for farming, like the Ganges River the Indus River carries rich sediment from the mountains.
Indus River
Eastern Ghat
Western Ghat
Ganges River
Himalaya Mountains
Hindu Kush Mountains
Thar Desert