La Purisima Concepcion Mission By Luke Jones
<div>Architecture:</div><div><br></div><div>This is the chapel were the people of the mission go to pray and learn the Catholic religion.</div>
<div>Founding:</div><div><br></div><div>La Purísima Concepcion was founded on December 8, 1787 by Father Fermin Lasuen.</div><div><br></div><div>It is the 11th of the 21 missions and it's nickname is unknown (or none).</div><div><br></div><div>When the padres arrived at the site to become La Purísima Mission, construction of temporary buildings began. One of the first jobs was to translate the mass and catechism instruction into the native language of the Chumash, so they would understand and accept the new religion.</div><div><br></div><div>The first few years the padres had many ups and downs. There were so many construction projects: the church, living quarters, workshops, storage and water systems plus the land had to be cleared so that crops, orchards and vineyards could be planted. </div><div><br></div><div>The padres encouraged the Chumash to come and learn about this new culture and religion that would change their lives forever. The Chumash were baptized and taught new skills so they could become productive members of the mission community.</div>
<div>Architecture:</div><div><br></div><div>La Purisima Concepcion is a very plain mission. The long buildings are arranged in a line. It does not have many features of distinction. </div><div><br></div><div>The mission has a tile roof and tile floors. The walls are 4 feet thick and square posts support the roof instead of arches. There are exposed beams with rawhide coverings. Inside there are wall paintings with colorful native designs.</div>
<div>Architecture:</div><div><br></div><div>This is the reconstructed campanario, also known as a bell wall. There are three bells, one on top and two below. The campanario extends out from one end of the church and forms part of the cemetery wall.</div>
<div>Land:</div><div><br></div><div>The land surrounding La Purisima included a 10-acre vineyard, gardens and a pear orchard. The mission kept over 20,000 head of livestock on their land.</div><div><br></div><div>Water came from springs in the hills. They had miles of aquaducts, pipes, dams and reservoirs.</div>
<div>Local Indian Tribe:</div><div><br></div><div>The Indian tribe that lived and worked at the mission were the Chumash. The Chumash who joined the La Purisima Mission were called Purismeño.</div><div><br></div><div>Before the mission, the Indians spoke their Chumash language, but once they joined the mission they were encouraged to speak Spanish.</div><div><br></div><div>They practiced their native religion before they came to the mission. Then they were taught the Catholic religion and were baptized.</div><div><br></div><div>Originally the Chumash depended on natural resources, but at the mission they were taught new skills.</div><div><br></div><div>It became impossible for the Chumash to survive in their old ways, and the missions offered the only alternative.</div>
<div>Location:</div><div><br></div><div>The Mission La Purisima Concepcion is located halfway between Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo in an inland Valley near Lompoc, California. It is near the middle of the chain of missions. </div>
<div>Jobs/Trades/Workshops:</div><div><br></div><div>The padres at the Mission developed workshops for the Indians with weaving, pottery, leatherwork, blacksmith work and other crafts. </div><div><br></div><div>Women and children stayed at the mission and did household chores. Their main job was to cook. The women learned how to cook Spanish dishes. They also did other chores like making clothes, weaving fabric, making soap and candles, and gardening.</div><div><br></div><div>Major industries at the mission were the weaving of cotton into cloth and wool into blankets, and the making of shoes.</div>
<div>Closure:</div><div><br></div><div>The secularization of Mission La Purisima Concepcion occurred in 1834. The land was divided and taken from the Catholic Church.</div><div><br></div><div>The reason this happened was because, the Spanish governors of California did not allow trade with foreign merchants. There were shortages of needed goods and that led to black market activity and smuggling. This caused problems between the military men and the mission people.</div><div><br></div><div>The soldiers relied on the missions for their support and they began to take it out on the mission Indians. Neophytes were used for military projects and jobs for little or no pay.</div><div><br></div><div>Then, Mexico's independence from Spain in 1822, took away the King’s support of the mission system. In addition, the trouble between the military and the missions became worse when the Indians of the three Santa Barbara missions rose up in a revolt. The cause of this was the flogging of a Purísima neophyte by the soldiers at Mission Santa Inez.</div><div><br></div><div>Soon after the rebellion began, 109 soldiers from the presidio at Monterey, attacked to retake the mission. Many Indians were killed and wounded, but only one soldier died and two others were wounded. There was no escape for the Indians and they had to surrender.</div><div><br></div><div>This was a huge blow to Indian pride and their culture and heritage was wiped away all in the name of civilization. Then in 1834, governor José Figueroa decreed the secularization of the missions. </div><div><br></div><div><br></div>
<div>Closure (continued):</div><div><br></div><div>The missions were to become pueblos and the neophytes were to receive land, livestock, seeds, and tools to start their own ranches. But instead an administrator was appointed by the governor. They were not free to work for themselves, but instead had to fill government orders for the needs of the soldiers and their families.</div><div><br></div><div>The mission lands were given away by the government and the padres left the mission to live at Mission Santa Inez. The mission establishment at La Purísima mostly disappeared.</div>

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