Ibn Battuta, Indian Ocean Trade Routes
<div>Although there were few Muslims in East Africa, it was still easy for Ibn Battuta to travel. One reason that it was easy for him was due to the Muslim community and their willingness to help other Muslims. As a Muslim, Ibn Battuta was given hospitality and charity by other Muslims throughout his journey. The local weather on the east coast of Africa allowed easy travel to the south by dhow, which is a type of boat. The seasonal monsoons allowed ships to travel south during the winter and north during the summer. This would allow Ibn Battuta to use the monsoon winds during the winter to travel much faster and know the direction of his travel </div> s3.thingpic.com
<div>Some goods that were traded in the city of Zeila include, ivory, gold, myrrh, animal skins, frankincense, ambergris, and slaves. Ibn Battuta described the city of Zeila as the dirtiest, most disagreeable, and most stinking town in the world. This was due to the fish and the blood of camels they butchered in the alleyways. Ibn Battuta stayed in his ship in order to avoid the smell. </div> upload.wikimedia.org
<div>Mogadishu became a cosmopolitan city due to trade because it attracted many merchants with different backgrounds and culture. They brought with them their languages, culture, and religion. The Indian ports had also been an active trading center for Indian, Persian, and Arabic merchants. Intermarriage changed society because it would allow many different cultures and religions to be combined or their ideas create new cultures and religions. We see evidence of this as the language of Swahili was a mix of Arabic, Bantu, and some Persian and Indian languages. </div> i.bnet.com
<div>Trade allowed Kilwa became a cosmopolitan city due to merchants that brought new ideas and the goods that they traded. Settlers from Arabia and the Persian Gulf introduced Islam when they came to trade. Also, one Kilwa family took control of the trading and gold market. They had goods from China such as porcelain, silk garments, and technology such as indoor plumbing</div> upload.wikimedia.org
<div>The people that were enslaved were mostly prisoners of war who were taken as a spoil of war. An example of this is the Sultan of Kilwa, who frequently made expeditions to the land of the Zinj people, taking slaves and other wealth. Slaves were traded due to their value, being seen as gifts and acts of generosity. </div>
<div>The lives of merchants were very different from those with lower social status. An example of this was a Kilwa family who took control of the trade and gold markets from Zimbabwe. This made them very wealthy and they obtained porcelain, silk garments, and indoor plumbing. The city of Mogadishu is the busiest and richest East African port. This is due to the active trading centers for merchants from different regions. The city of Zeila contains many merchants trading lots of valuables. Many of these goods include ivory, gold, and slaves. These goods are very valuable toward merchants and high status citizens. The questions were answered on a map because we are able to see the relationships between different cities, such as their trade routes, proximity to each other, and how they are affected by monsoon winds. The map helps us understand why Ibn Battuta went the cities in a certain order, as well as why certain cities could be more active than others, or how their community could be more or less cosmopolitan. </div> swahilicoastghana.weebly.com

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