Arctic organisms
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Sun</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>The sun is where all the <b>energy</b> in food chains comes from. </div><div><br></div><div>Plants and algae trap light energy in sugar. We call this <b>photosynthesis</b>.</div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Algae</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Algae (<i><b>al</b>-gee</i>) is the Latin name for seaweed. Algae can be green, brown or red and they perform <b>photosynthesis</b> like <b>plants</b>. Small algae are eaten by copepods.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: microscopic – 65m long. That’s from the size of a full stop up to 6 buses long! </div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Arctic fox</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Arctic foxes are small <b>mammals</b> that have <b>thick fur</b> that changes from white in the winter to brown in the summer. They eat small <b>mammals</b> like lemmings as well as seal pups.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: 50cm long. That’s the same size as a medium dog.</div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Beluga whale</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Belugas (<i>bell-</i><b><i>loo</i></b><i>-guh</i>) are small whales that hunt for fish in the Arctic waters. They are marine <b>mammal</b> like dolphins. They have a bump on their head which contains an organ known as the melon. They use this for ‘echolocation’ to find holes in the sea ice to come up for air. They eat Arctic cod.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: up to 5.5m long. That’s about the height of a two storey house.</div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Clam</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Clams are a type of shellfish. They have soft bodies, so they are related to other <b>molluscs</b> like snails and octopus. They filter algae from the sea for food and are eaten by walruses.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: 5 cm across. That’s the width of a fizzy pop bottle.</div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Arctic cod</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Arctic cod are a <b>fish</b> that lives in the cold waters of the Arctic and around Greenland. They feed on small copepods and are eaten by animals like seals and beluga whales. </div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: 30cm long. That’s the length of a ruler.</div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Copepod</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Copepods (<i><b>co</b>-puh-</i><b><i>pod</i></b>) are small animals that live in the sea. They are <b>crustaceans</b> which means they are related to lobsters and shrimps. They feed on <b>algae</b> and are eaten by larger animals like Arctic cod.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: 1-5mm long. About the size of an exclamation mark!</div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Polar bear</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Polar bears are the largest land carnivore. They spend so much time at sea hunting seals that their Latin name, <i>Ursus maritimus</i>,</div><div> means sea bear. They have <b>thick white fur</b> to keep them warm.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: up to 2.5m tall, standing on their back legs. That’s about the height of a classroom.</div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Ringed seal</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Ringed seals are a type of seal that live in the Arctic Ocean. They are a marine <b>mammal</b> like dolphins. They give birth on small ice floes and eat fish to survive.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: 1.8m long. That’s the length of a man lying down.</div>
<div><b><span style="font-size:16px;">Walrus</span></b></div><div><br></div><div>Walruses are large marine <b>mammals</b> that are easily recognised by their <b>tusks</b>. They have <b>blubber</b> to keep them warm as they spend a lot of time diving into the cold Arctic waters to find shellfish to eat.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Size</b>: 3m long, with a mass of 1,700kg. That’s the same mass as 74 seven year olds!</div>