The Columbian Exchange
After the Spanish conflicts with the Aztecs and Incas, the Spanish empire spread throughout Latin America. This created a trading of cultures called the Columbian Exchange, named after Christopher Columbus.
Columbian Exchange-the exchange of plants, animals, goods, people and diseases between Europe (Old World) and the new colonies in Latin America (New World).
Millions of natives (indigenous) died of diseases that the Europeans brought to Latin America.
Some of the diseases brought to Latin America were smallpox, influenza (flu), measles, and whooping cough.
New foods were introduced to Europeans and Latin America.
Foods from Latin America: corn, potatoes, squash, pumpkins, beans, peanuts, tomatoes, peppers, and cacoa beans (for chocolate).
Introduction of the horse to Latin America to help with transportation, battle, labor. Other animals introduced were pigs, goats, cows, chickens, bees, and sheep.
Foods from Europe: wheat, sugar, coffee, bananas, rice, peaches

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