Climate Change- Melting of ice in the Arctic
Arctic Ice Melting www.youtube.com Watch 27 Years of 'Old' Arctic Ice Melt Away in Seconds. The total amount of Arctic sea ice is near record low for this time of year. The amount of ice isn't...
A Salix arctica (Arctic Shrub) for example is a plant that adapts to survive in harsh Arctic and subarctic environments. www.flora.dempstercountry.org
With the ice melting, many new viruses are re-discovered after being locked away in the permafrost and glaciers for centuries.
In order to reduce the affects of melting ice in the Arctic, human can strive to reduce releasing green house gases into the air. You can do this by; reducing, reusing, and recycle, using less heat and air conditioning, replacing light bulbs to compact florescent lights (CFL), driving less or car pooling, buying energy efficient products, using less hot water, and even planting a tree. www.wwf.ca What You Can Do
In the Arctic the glaciers are melting, ice melting increases global sea levels, they are predicted to change global climate and precipitation patterns.
The melting has caused ice in parts of the Arctic to become quite fragile. That ice early breaks away in large chunks, known as calving, and melts in the open ocean.
Animals have increased time spent swimming, which may chill small cubs and reduce their survival, reduce access to den areas, alter their prey species. Polar creatures that are dependant on ice for all/ parts of their life cycle are highly threatened by the melting of the ice.
Ursus maritimus (polar bear) for example must swim a great distance in the open water for them to find sea-ice habitats.
Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) have declines in their body condition, reproduction, and survival has resulted in a 22% decrease in subpopulation size. It shortens the feeding period at a time when recently weaned seal pups are available, and it lengthens the period the bears must fast with less stored fat. Polar bears are well adapted but there is a limit to how long they can survive without food.
Plants do not survive with the increase water levels and die off leaving animals and other living organism to starve as a lack of food and nutrients. Warmer temperatures through climate change will tip the balance towards more CO2 levels in plant communities.
Rhodomonas minuta, also known as Ice Algae, this Protist is an algae that lives in tundra lakes, ponds, and moist soil. www.uni-koeln.de
The melting of ice can affect the availability of physical habitats for algae, as well as the temperature of surface waters, possibly disrupting the whole food web.
When fossil fuels - coal, oil and natural gas - are burnt they release CO2 into the atmosphere. Because of this the layer of greenhouse gas is getting thicker, which is in turn making the Earth warmer. Thus the ongoing unlimited burning of fossil fuels is the cause of climate change.
Arctic sea ice fungus is a type of fungus that plays a huge role in the food chain. This fungus actually benefits from the ice melting. icefungi.files.wordpress.com
Planococcus halocryophilus is a bacteria thrives at -15 degree celsius. This is the coldest environment that bacteria has been found to grow in. create-astrobiology.mcgill.ca
The melting ice in the arctic is increasing the number of homes being effected by fungus. More fungus is growing due to the melting ice.
With Ice melting bacteria and archaea that had been trapped in the glaciers for years could possible unfreeze and damage the ecosystem along with the people and animals that live in the ecosystem.
www.nature.com Largest virus yet discovered hints at viral diversity trapped in permafrost.
Arctic shrubs have the ability to grow under a layer of snow, and to carry out photosynthesis in extremely cold temperatures. The shrub grows like a carpet on the ground. This adaptation allows it to gain heat energy from the soil. Sometimes, the stems can form roots which touch the ground and can grow into new plants. This plant is very adapted to its harsh, cold and dry Arctic environment.
Planococcus halocryophilus, being a bacteria that can survive up to -15 degree the ice melting does not benefit or limit their vulnerability. Not only is the bacteria seen this way, the Arctic fungus also follows the same idea.
Planococcus halocryophilus, being a bacteria that can survive up to -15 degree weather does not benefit or limit the vulnerability from the melting ice. Not only is bacteria seen this way but the Arctic fungus also follows the same idea. This is due to the fact that both the bacteria and fungi can survive and reproduce in the environment change.
Polar bears, whales, walrus and seals are changing their feeding and migration patterns, making it harder for native people to hunt them.

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