A prominence is a large, bright, gaseous feature extending outward from the Sun's surface, often in a loop shape. Shown to the right
The chromosphere (literally, "sphere of color") is the second of the three main layers in the Sun's atmosphere and is roughly 2,000 kilometers deep. It sits just above the photosphere and just below the solar transition region.
Filaments are formed in magnetic loops that hold relatively cool, dense gas suspended above the surface of the sun
Coronal holes are regions of low density plasma on the Sun that have magnetic fields opening freely into the heliosphere. Because of their low density, coronal holes tend to be the regions of the outer solar atmosphere that are most prone to behaving as a collisionless plasma.
The convective zone is a region of turbulent plasma between a star's core and its visible photosphere at the surface, through which energy is transferred by convection. In the convection zone, hot plasma rises, cools as it nears the surface, and falls to be heated and rise again.
The dark regions on the surface of the photosphere. An individual spot contains a black center rimmed by a lighter region.
The photosphere which is thought to be the visible surface of the Sun that we are most familiar with. Since the Sun is a ball of gas, this is not a solid surface but is actually a layer about 100 km thick (very, very, thin compared to the 700,000 km radius of the Sun
The radiative zone is the section of the solar interior between the innermost core and the outer convective zone. In the radiative zone, energy generated by nuclear fusion in the core.
The Suns core is the central region where nuclear reactions consume hydrogen to form helium. The core is the hottest part of the sun & of the solar system!
A wisp-like stream of particles traveling through the Suns corona. Coronal streamers are thought to be associated with active regions and or prominences and are most impressive near the maximum of the solar cycle.
The location of the Jet stream is located on the photosphere "the surface of the sun". The location of the jet stream is also close to the prominence.