The Secretariat: The Secretariat was a sort of civil service, more likely an administration. It kept records of League’s meetings and prepared reports. It had individual sections which were the commissions.
The Assembly: It was the League’s Parliament, each member country sent a representative to the Assembly. It met once a year.The Assembly recommended actions to the Council and could vote on: admitting new members to the League, appointing temporary members to the Council, the budget of the League (administration of costs, money, etc.), other ideas put forward by the Council.
The Council:It was a smaller group than the Assembly and met more often, about five or six times a year but it would also meet in case of emergency. The permanent members in 1920 were: Britain, France, Italy and Japan.Temporary members. They were chosen by Assembly for a period of 3 years. There were from four to nine temporary members in the League’s history. Each permanent member had the power of Veto (the power to block any action by voting against it.)
The main aim of The Council was that if there was any problem between the member countries, the problem would be solved being discussed in The Council. But, if this didn’t work, The Council could sanction the member with three different stages of sanctions.. Moral condemnation: they would decide whose fault was it. They could make the aggressor know it’s her fault and tell her to stop what she was doing.Economic and financial sanctions: member countries of the League would stop trading with her. This would most probably make the aggressor withdraw as it would weaken her economy. Military force: armed forces from a member country would be used against the aggressor.
The Permanent Court of International Justice:The Court was in The Netherlands and was made of judges from member countries. This was intended to help settle disputes between countries peacefully but it had no way of making the countries follow its rules. It also gave legal advice to the Council or Assembly.
The International Labour Organisation (ILO)It collected information from employers throughout the world and it’s aim was to improve working conditions through the world. It collected statistics and information of working conditions and tried to get countries to use her suggestions.
The Mandates Commissions:
The aim of the Commission was to make sure that Britain or France acted in the interest of the people of that territory not in their own interests. Also to help the mandates become an independent country.
The Refugees Committee:
During WW1, many people escaped from their countries. When WW1 finished, those people who escaped did not have a place to live so this Committee gave them a place to live and a job and whenever possible the refugees were sent back to their countries.
The Slavery Commission:
The aim of this Commission was to abolish slavery around the world.
The Health Committee:
This Committee attempted to deal with diseases and to teach people how to prevent diseases.