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The Dharmashastras The Dharmashastras are the Dharmasutras and Smritis put together. The were both law books They were compiled in 500 - 200 BC. They would tell people their duties dependent on your class.
Societal Organization The oldest male member was the head — known as the Grihapati or Kulapati. The Kings governed with the help of the ministers.In the Later Vedic Age, kingship became hereditary. In this period, the taxation system and administrative machinery both started. The assemblies lost their previous importance and women weren't allowed to attend the assemblies anymore. <br>
Vedic Culture The Aryans settled in India in the 1500 - 100 BC, also known as the Early Vedic Period. They used iron tools to help them get through the forests. They moved in the eastward and southeastward direction. They gradually settled in the Gangetic valley,this period is also known as the Later Vedic Age The vedic culture was referred as it is because it was based on the Vedic texts
Class division- caste system During this time it was said that tribal chiefs and priests had all the treasures and made their treasure grow by stealing from others.There were many social inequalities. The society was divided in three groups- warriors, priests and people. there was a fourth division called Shudras,which appeared towards the end of the Rig Vedic period. Since the economy was mainly pastoral and not food producing, there was no scope for collecting regular tributes and taxes from people. The society was still tribal.
Class division/caste system In the early Vedic period, society was divided into classes based on professions. At the beginning, people had a choice in their professions, but over time, it became hereditary. This resulted in the division of the society into occupational classes. This took the form of caste and the present caste system emerged. In the later Vedic Period, Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras became four distinct castes or varnas (Varnas mean caste) castes Firstly, the Brahmans and priests performed religious acts. The Kshatriyas participated in wars. The Vaishyas engaged in business, looked after agriculture as well as the industry. Finally, the Shudras served the upper classes. Towards the end of the Later Vedic Age, the caste system became rigid. Brahmans and Kshatriyas enjoyed many privileges. The priests were considered gods on earth.
works cited: Kaavya:“Brahman | Caste.”Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Sep. 2015. &lt;http://www.britannica.com/topic/brahman-caste&gt;“Kshatriya | Hindu Caste.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Sep. 2015. &lt;http://www.britannica.com/topic/kshatriya&gt; Image: https://notanotherfasionblog.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/traditionalhats-081.jpg Siena:"Rig Vedic Polity." General Knowledge Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2015. &lt;http://www.gktoday.in/rig-vedic-poli&gt;Serena: “Varna | Hinduism.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Sep. 2015. &lt;http://www.britannica.com/topic/varna-hinduism&gt;“Sabha | Indian Government.”Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Sep. 2015. &lt;http://www.britannica.com/topic/sabha-indian-government&gt;“Dasyu | People.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Sep. 2015. &lt;http://www.britannica.com/topic/dasyu&gt;Amelie:Kenoyer, Jonathan M., and Kimberley Burton Heuston. The Ancient South Asian World. New York: Oxford UP, 2005. Print. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2015. &lt;https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shudra&gt;Image: https://chucklewithsomething.wordpress.com/category/the-foundation/ https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Pyramid_of_Caste_system_in_India.png/255px-Pyramid_of_Caste_system_in_India.pnghttps://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/ee/Chief_White_Eagle_of_Ponca_Tribe.jpgFahmi: “Vaishya | Hindu Social Class.”Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Sep. 2015. &lt;http://www.britannica.com/topic/vaishya&gt; “Shudra | Hindu Class.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Sep. 2015. &lt;http://www.britannica.com/topic/shudra&gt;
The Dharmashastras The Dharmashastras are the Dharmasutras and Smritis put together. The were both law books They were compiled in 500 - 200 BC. They would tell people their duties dependent on your class.
Class division- caste system During this time it was said that tribal chiefs and priests had all the treasures and made their treasure grow by stealing from others.There were many social inequalities. The society was divided in three groups- warriors, priests and people. there was a fourth division called Shudras,which appeared towards the end of the Rig Vedic period. Since the economy was mainly pastoral and not food producing, there was no scope for collecting regular tributes and taxes from people. The society was still tribal.