www.barnesandnoble.com Napoleon's Buttons is the fascinating account of seventeen groups of molecules that have greatly influenced the course of history. These molecules provided...
Margaret Sanger: Feminist that believed that women should have control over their own body, and get to decide when and how many children to have. She fought hard to get the United States to allow the use of the contraceptive. conwebwatch.tripod.com
Norethindrone is the isomer structure for birth control. Produced and patented in November 1951 by Carl Djerassi and his team, in the United States. dailymed.nlm.nih.gov
The pill or contraceptive that changed the lives of millions. Promoted social change, gave women control over their lives, and altered traditional gender roles. images.agoramedia.com
Russel Marker's goal was not to produce a contraceptive but to find an affordable route to produce another steroid molecule: cortisone. Regardless, the chemical reactions Marker pioneered are today acknowledged as the work that made possible the birth control pill. By creating the Marker Degradation which allowed the removal of unwanted groups in molecules. i2.wp.com
Marker found the starting material steroid sapogenins in this Mexican wild yam, called Dioscorea. Marker knew that steroid-containing compounds could be found in plants. Founded in 1942 during World War II. www.llifle.com
Progesterone is the pregnancy hormone that prevents a woman that is already pregnant, from getting pregnant again. Although progesterone has to be injected as a contraceptive, it cannot be taken orally. img.tfd.com
Austrian immigrant, Carl Djerassi was able to create Cortisone from the Mexican wild yams in 1949. His next project was to make an artificial progestin, a compound that would have progesterone like properties but can be taken orally. He had to use the Marker Degradation and therefore was named " The Father of the Pill". stanford.edu
Katherine McCormick was an immensely wealthy widow that was able to help Margaret Sanger. www.amazingwomeninhistory.com
Interesting fact about the contraceptive is that it was founded by a bunch of men, all whom had no clue that they would be the case of society and allowing women to speak out. incedogroup.com
Other molecules: Cholesteral: most widespread of all animal steroids. Testorone: first isolated from bulls in 1935, principle male sex hormone. Androsterone: isolated in 1931 which was the first male hormone. Estrone: obtained in 1929 from pregnant women, first sex hormone. www.drugfree.org