-The court of women's name is derived from the fact that Jewish women were admitted thus far. -Women could only go this far.
-The Court of Gentiles was devoted to the foreigners who had come to worship God at the Temple and they could proceed no further. -They would be confronted with the "moneychangers." When Jesus saw them He made a whip of cords and drove them all out of the Temple and said "Do not make My Father's house a house of merchandise!"
-Israelites Courtyard was intended for the Israelites only. -10 feet higher than the court of women was the court of Israel
-The Holy House, or sanctuary was the first part to be rebuilt by Herod, -Zechariah the priest was chosen by lot to enter the sanctuary (the Holy Place) and offer incense to the Lord.
-Money-Changers would make large profits at the expense of the pilgrims. Every Israelite, rich or poor, who had reached the age of twenty was obligated to pay a half shekel as an offering to Jehovah into the sacred treasury. -Since there was no acceptance of foreign money with any foreign image the money changers would sell "Temple coinage" at a very high rate of exchange and assess a fixed charge for their services.
-The Second Temple was an important Jewish Holy Temple which stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Second Temple period, between 516 BCE and 70 CE. -It replaced the temple built by Zerubbabel after the return from exile.
-Herod acquired a thousand wagons to transport the stones from the quarry to the building site, hired 10,000 skilled workmen and trained 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters, for only priests could work on the sanctuary and the Court of the Priests. -Herod's Temple was under construction from c. 20/19 BCE until 63, just before its destruction by the Romans, but most of the work was completed earlier rather than later.

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