Gilbert du Motier de La Fayette ( La Fayette) is born on 6th of september 1757, in Auvergne and he is dead on 20th of May 1834 in Paris.
His political engagement: He was was aristocrat liberalist, an officer and politician. He had a decisive role in the War of Independence of the United States and for the emergence of a modern royal power. He became a caracter of the French uprising until his emigration on 1792. He was an major actor of the begening of the monarchy of Jully.
His name: After 1789, he decided to sign his letters by "Lafayette".
A recap about who he was, and what he did. www.ushistory.org Historic Valley Forge. Read the story of the 6-month encampment at Valley Forge. Plus a timeline, weather reports, the French Connection, Franklin, spies, mysteries, and more!
Very interesting even if it's on fench but it is worth it. And Lafayette is a good link between French and American. www.youtube.com YouTube
La fayette's Volunteers March when the walking of 1780, during the American independance war. www.youtube.com Marche de 1780, guerre d'indépendance américaine. (Lafayette's Volunteers March)
His engagment and his participation at the independance war of America during the period of 1775-1783, makes him celebrity and a symbolic place. Because he was the link between Americans and French. He was nicknamed "the hero of the deuw world". What makes La Fayette a French symbol support for the insurgents of America is a young age, 19 years , and the circumstances of his departure from France. Indeed, he left without official permission of the king who was still favorable to peace.
The arrival of Lafayette in America part 1: In August 1775, Captain Gilbert de Lafayette was sent by his stepfather, the Duke d'Ayen, stationed at Metz to perfect his military training. He participated on August 8 at a large dinner hosted by Count de Broglie, governor of the city. This is the same day of this "famous dinner Metz" the young officer makes the decision to go fight for the independence of Amérique. Back in Paris in the autumn, La Fayette involved in thinking companies who discuss the commitment of France in the American Revolution.The young captain is reform of the army June 11, 1776 and with the support of Count de Broglie and future protectors Baron de Kalb and Silas Deane, signed in Paris December 7, 1776 its commitment in the American army as Major General. Count de Broglie, head of the "secret cabinet" of Louis XV who wishes discreetly helping insurgents against the British Crown, made him secretly finance the purchase of Victory, a ship of 200 tons, with only two guns, thirty men of crew and cargo as 5-6 000 stands.
The arrival of Lafayette in America part 2: Obeying an order to leave for Marseilles, he pretends to take the road chaise but after a few miles, the car changes direction and cuts through Bayonne. Arrived at Pasajes San Juan April 17, 1777, he embarked on Victory with a few followers and on April 26, sailed for America. Following a route passing well off the West Indies, where the British and French fleets could make her dam and after a long journey of seven weeks, it makes landfall on June 13 in South Inlet, near Georgetown where guns are sold to arm the militia Georgia. He lend his companions oath to conquer or perish, then met Major Benjamin Huger; If adopted by George Washington that he met on August 1, 1777 (he was assigned to his staff as adjutant with the title of Major General) and despite a lukewarm reception at the beginning of a Congress member in Philadelphia he took part in the fighting since the summer. He was shot in the leg at the Battle of Brandywine, September 11, 1777.
Its investment in France: For his motivation, and his constant presence at the head of the Virginia regiment , even during the harsh winter they spent in Valleyforge , it will eventually convince the leaders of the American Revolution that he could be useful. February 6 , 1778, a formal alliance was finally established between France and the new country. A fleet of a dozen ships, commanded by Admiral d'Estaing is sent. The following month , Lafayette also establish alliances with several Indian tribes. In February 1779 , back in France , Lafayette very skilfully popularize the cause of the insurgents and American expedition to the public in France. The penalty for disobeying it receives and left France is only symbolic , since it is limited to ten days of stops, it goes home to his wife , Adrienne.
His come back to Virginia, Yorktown: Returning to the United States in 1780 aboard L'Hermione, he received the command of George Washington's troops Virginia. Responsible to operate in Virginia against forces four times in numbers, it still sacrifices a part of his fortune to keep his soldiers under his command, and arrived by forced marches and sudden returns, so tired Cornwallis and his troops harass that the British General is forced to consider him a formidable opponent. Lafayette made its junction with the troops of George Washington and Rochambeau, commander of the French expeditionary force of 6,000 men (including Axel de Fersen) to focus on the encirclement of Cornwallis at Yorktown. British troops were soon stuck in the Chesapeake Bay, unable to receive relief by sea because of the blockade carried out by the fleet of Admiral de Grasse. Thus Franco-American allies won a decisive victory at Yorktown 17 October 1781. Lafayette was made a citizen of Maryland by the General Assembly of the State 28 December 1784 which gives it de facto US citizenship. He returned to France in 1782 and was promoted to field marshal.