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Rhode Island's Role in the Struggle for Independence

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Phase I: Gaspee Incident docs.google.com The Burning of the Gaspee June 9, 1772 The HMS Gaspee sailed into Narragansett Bay under the direction of Lieutenant William Dudingston to enforce tax collections and cargo inspections in the state of RI. The Gaspee gave chase to the sloop Hannah out of Newport, but it ran aground in shallow wate...
Phase VI: Showdown docs.google.com The Final Showdown 29 August 1778 The British attacked because they knew the colonial forces were evacuating from Aquidneck Island and they didn’t have support from the French fleet, which had retreated to Boston for repairs after the storm. General Sullivan, commanding colonial forces in Rhode I...
Phase III: Prescott's Capture docs.google.com Barton’s Raid July 10, 1777 As the British occupied Newport, the colonists considered creative options for striking at the obviously superior British forces. Colonel William Barton proposed to make a daring night-time raid to capture British Major General Richard Prescott after he heard that Pres...
Phase II: The Occupation docs.google.com Conquest of Newport December 7, 1776 The British fleet sailed ashore into Newport, RI on December 7, 1776. They would occupy it until 1779. There were a number of reasons why Britain sought to use Newport as one of its most important military bases. First, its harbor was suitably large and deep e...
Phase V: The Big Storm docs.google.com Naval Actions in Rhode Island 29 July 1778 to 13 August 1778 The massive French Fleet under Admiral D’Estaing sailed from Europe and arrived in Newport on 29 July 1778. It was accompanied by the gigantic flagship Languedoc in order to mount a combined assault with General Sullivan’s colonial forc...
Phase IV: Mount Hope docs.google.com The Mount Hope Raids May 25-30, 1778 500 British soldiers lead by Colonel James Campbell marched to northern Aquidneck Island and then traveled by boats landing between Bristol and Warren. Upon their arrival, the force was split into two. One force would travel along the Kickemuit River in Warren...
Prelude docs.google.com What is the significance of this battle within the context of the American Revolution? From the brazen Gaspee Affair in 1772 three years before the “shot heard around the world,” to the final showdown on northern Aquidneck Island in mid-1778, Rhode Island was in the thick of the struggle for inde...