Art drawing of a castle under attack. Middle Ages
Drawbridge: a way to close the castle from outsiders. drawbridge - Google Search A short film about the different ways of attacking castles set to the dong by Edwin Starr - War.
This is catapult. There are many different types of catapults, this is called a Trebuchet--as it has a sling to throw projectile. The link explains the different types. What are the five main types?
Mantlet: a big shelter to protect attacker from arrows shot from inside the castle. These are usually on wheels so they can move forward with the attackers. Mantlet - Wikipedia
Another Catapult It doesn't seem like twisted rope and wooden gears or levers would be able to produce the force and speed needed to launch heavy loads a great distance.
Battering Ram: these are designed to break open the masonry walls of fortifications or splinter their wooden gates, so troops could pour in. Notice the covering to keep the men using it saft: much like a Mantlet. Battering ram - Wikipedia
Not shown, but to defend your castle, many build a moat (deep channel of water around the castle) to stop battering rams and seige towers and digging under the walls. Even Tom Brady added a moat on his new house, check it out Moat - Wikipedia
<div>Siege Tower: a way to get over the castle curtain. Usually made of wood, but that is not always good. What did they use to slow down fire? see link for images.</div> siege towers - Google Search
Weapons ranged from crossbows (from the Chinese traded along silk road) to greece fire. The link explains many types of weapons. For more on greek fire see this link: 100 ways to die in the middle ages
This is a look out tower. Castle defense was very important for the protection of your people. See this link to see all the ways a castle was made to protect the people. Can you name five ways a castle was built to protect the citizens? Castle parts: Design and construction of Medieval castles, chateaux forts, stately homes, manor houses and country houses in Europe and around the world
Arrow Loop: used to shot out but not get shot. Link show images of different arrow loops. arrow loop - Google Search
Short readings on ways to attack a castle: Ladders were a big part of the attack and then greek fire comes down on you. Not fun, but had to be done. The main methods of attacking a Medieval Castle were: Fire Battering Rams Ladders Catapults Mining Siege
<div>Battlements are the top shape of the castle wall. They are build for archers to move behind to stay safe when under attack. All defensive castles have these. </div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Battlement - Wikipedia</span></div><div><br></div> Battlement - Wikipedia
<div>In castle defense the greek fire was dumped over the sides or used as a bomb against siege towers or ladders. </div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Greek fire Facts for Kids |</span></div><div><br></div> Greek fire Facts for Kids |
<div>Fire Arrows are a huge problem for Wood Castles. Where would you get the water to put these fires out? </div>

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