<div>The <b>town of Mothia</b> possessed the typical requirements of many other Phoenician settlements: a <b>small island</b>, near the coast, surrounded by low backdrops, therefore easy to defend from hostile attacks and contemporarily a safe anchorage for ships. The contemporary presence in Sicily of Greek colonies, with whom the Phoenician traded, but also not always held friendly contacts, caused wars that finally provoked the <b>destruction of Mothia</b> by Dionysius of Syracuse in 397 B.C. </div><div>The island, however, was not completely abandoned. The most meaningful finds from the exavations of Mothia are on display in the<b> Archaeological Museum</b> of the island created by <b>Joseph Whitaker</b>, who purchased the island in the first years of the 20th century and lead the first systematic archaeological excavation. This man gave the fundamental impulse towards the<b> knowledge and the divulgation of the archaeological heritage of Mothia.</b></div> Se percorrendo la strada che unisce Trapani a Marsala vi imbattete in una serie di mulini a vento, tranquilli, non siete finiti improvvisamente in Olanda; si...
<div><b>Museo G. Whitaker</b></div><div>The Museum preserves a large quantity of prehistoric finds, materials found in the town, funerary furnishings from the Thofet and the archaic Necropolis, ceramics, coins, sculptures, jewels and votive stems.</div>
<div><b>House of the Amphoras</b></div><div>Great block of the domestic area of Mothia</div>
<div><b>Tofet</b></div><div>This sacred area consists of open air sanctuary, the rests of human and animal sacrifices were laid down</div>
<div><b>Necropolis</b></div><div>From the end of the 8th century to the end of the 6th century B.C., most buried into stone chests</div>
<div><b>Industrial area </b></div><div>District characterized by the presence of ovens for the production of vases and perhaps of places for the tanning and dye of fabrics </div>
<div><b>Cappiddazzu sanctuary</b></div><div>Great temple with three naves. The name of the divinity worshipped is unknown.</div>
<div><b>Submerged causeway </b></div><div>The causeway that, through the Stagnone lagoon was used to connect Mothia to the dry land, started from North Gate dated to the 5th century B.C.</div>
<div><b>Eastern Tower with staircase</b></div><div>The staircase stands against a tower belonging to the last constructive phase of the fortifications </div>
<div><b>Fortifications </b></div><div>The original city walls were raised about the middle of the 6th century B.C, subsequently underwent through a series of restructuring and expansion phases</div>
<div><b>House of Mosaics</b></div><div>Dwelling-house including a residential area and store rooms. The most important feature is a peristyle with its portico, the pavement of which is formed by a mosaic of black and white sea-pebbles, divided into panels representing single or fighting animals.</div>
<div><b>Guardhouse</b></div><div>A two-storey guardhouse, with a</div><div>one flight staircase, standing</div><div>against an advanced tower of</div><div>the city wall.</div>
<div><b>Kothon</b></div><div>Town access gate, flanked by</div><div>two projecting bastions close to the Kothon, internal basin of uncertain use.</div>
<div>Place of discovery of the</div><div><b>"Young Man of Mothia" statue</b></div>
<div><b>Town center</b></div><div>Town center In this small part of the living quarters part of a road positioned NW/SE, is visible. </div><div>Of the buildings that delimit it, only one complex has been partially excavated, probably a sacred area</div>
<div><b>House of the family chapel</b></div><div>Zone of the inhabited area with a wide residence characterized by the presence, in its last period of life of a small chapel (sacello) and of a bathroom.</div>
<div><b>Domestic Area: Zona B</b></div><div>A road directed going from</div><div>northwest to southeast, flanked</div><div>by partially excavated buildings. The roadway, strongly inclining toward the coast, is wide about 5 meters and can be dated to the 5th century B.C.</div>
<div><b>North-West Gate and attached fortifications</b></div><div>Northwestern Gate and</div><div>attached fortifications to which are adjacent a building used perhaps as a watchhouse and a small place of cult.</div>
<div><b>Kothon sanctuary</b></div><div>Wide cult building surrounded by a circular wall, characterized by the presence of standing "betili” </div><div>(pillar representations of god) in the courtyard.</div>
<div><b>Domestic Area: Zona E</b></div><div>In 1995, during restructuration of the modern building, three house blocks of the ancient inhabited area of Mothia, divided by two roads, have been found.</div>
<div><b>Trapani</b> is known as <b>"the city of two seas"</b>. The city is known for the sacred manifestations of the "<b>Mysteries</b>" that recur every Friday during Lent, for some <b>archaeological sites</b> on the island and for the <b>naturalistic and tourist </b>importance of some islands, such as Mozia, which fall within its provincial territory.</div>
<div><b>ORIGIN</b>: Isola di Mozia - Zone K, October 1979; found under a pile of debris.</div><div><b>DIMENSIONS</b>: height m. 1,94 </div><div><b>MATERIAL</b>: large-grained white crystalline marble. <b>CONSERVATION</b>: head found detached from the trunk, body lacking the feet of the arms; part of the left hand is preserved. Abrasions and chipping on the surface of the statue due to the dragging from the place of the original placement and to the contact with the detrital material that covered it.</div><div><b>DESCRIPTION</b>: standing male character, dressed in a long pleated tunic, held at the chest by a band with central holes for the application of a decorative element; skullcap worked with holes for fixing a headgear; row of curls on the forehead and on the nape. The rendering of the shoulder muscles suggests the position of the missing arms: the right leaning forward, the left bent, of which the hand is kept on the hip. The right leg is flexed forward while the left, straight, supports the weight of the body. </div><div><b>DATING</b>: Second quarter of the fifth century B.C</div>

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Terms of Service and Cookie Policy. Your use of ThingLink's Products and Services, is subject to these policies and terms.