Bird - symbols and stories
<div>Birds were very important in Ancient Egyptian symbolism. In this picture from the Book of the Dead, three different bird figures convey beliefs related to life and death, creation and self-creation, time and eternity. </div><div><br></div><div>Click to read more</div> TOUCH this image to discover its story. Image tagging powered by ThingLink
<div>This medieval painting from Andrea del Verroccio depicts the baptism of Christ and conveys a variety of meanings. Some of the meanings relate to Middle -Eastern traditions such as the dove, hope, holy inspiration or spirit, soul, love, and protection.</div><div><br></div><div>Click to read more</div> TOUCH this image to discover its story. Image tagging powered by ThingLink
<div>This Persian miniature painting by Habiballah of Isfahan, Iran (d. 1610 AD), is included in a reprint of “<i>Mantiq-ul-Tair</i>” by the Persian poet, Farid-ud-din-Attar (d. 1220 AD), one of the most famous books in Persian Islamic civilization. The painting shows the birds in conference before starting the journey to find their king and saviour, the great Simorgh. Each of the birds represents one fault or weakness in man.</div><div><br></div><div>Click to read more</div> TOUCH this image to discover its story. Image tagging powered by ThingLink
<div>The swan has figured as a sacred bird in many cultures since ancient times. In this painting "Lemminkäinen's mother" from Akseli Gallen-Kallela (1897), the swan depicts the transitional state between life and death. It also depicts anticipation and hope.</div><div><br></div><div>Click to read more</div> TOUCH this image to discover its story. Image tagging powered by ThingLink
<div>The book illustration from a Russian artist Ivan Bilibin depicts the Alkonost, a mythical creature with the lower body of a bird and upper body of a beautiful woman. Her voice is divinely exquisite, sweet and joyful. One cannot but be enchanted by it. Those who hear singing of the Alkonost are surrounded by serenity and forget about themselves and worldly troubles.</div><div><br></div><div>Click to read more</div> TOUCH this image to discover its story. Image tagging powered by ThingLink
<div>This bronze mirror from Ancient Greece features a handle in the shape of a young goddess with two human-headed birds. The mirror was used as a utensil of daily practices but also connected its owner to the powers of goddesses. It depicts the duality of human existence and the art of balancing this duality.</div><div><br></div><div>Click to read more</div> TOUCH this image to discover its story. Image tagging powered by ThingLink
<div><b>Authors:</b></div><div><br></div><div><b>Tatiana Tiaynen-Qadir and Ali Qadir</b></div><div>Selection, research and write-up for the pictures</div><div><br></div><div><b>Essi Ikonen</b></div><div>Design and pedagogical instructions</div><div><br></div><div>You may use the resource under the following conditions: <a href="">CC BY-NC-SA 4.0</a></div><div><br></div><div>Check the copyright of the pictures in each image</div><div><br></div><div><b>Refer to the resource:</b></div><div><br></div><div>Tiaynen-Qadir, T., Ikonen, E. &amp; Qadir,A. (2019) <i>Bird. Symbols and stories from Europe, Middle East and Ancient Egypt.</i> Agricola -opintokeskuksen julkaisuja 6. ISSN 2189-3986 (web publication) </div><div> [date of retrieval]</div><div><br></div><div>The resource has been produced <b>in cooperation with</b></div><div><a href=""></a></div><div><br></div><div>The gallery is based on the <b>research by Tatiana Tiaynen-Qadir and Ali Qadir.</b> The following citations are representative of their work: </div><div><br></div><div>Qadir, Ali and Tatiana Tiaynen-Qadir (2016) Toward an Imaginal Dialogue: Archetypal Symbols between Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Islam. <i>Approaching Religion</i>. Volume 6, No 2. Pp. 81-95. <a href=""></a></div><div><br></div><div>Qadir, Ali and Tatiana Tiaynen-Qadir (2016) Uncanny Images and the Literalism of Modernity. Web blog post. <i>Material Religions</i>. 21 September 2016. <a href=""></a></div>
<div><b>INTRODUCTION</b></div><div><br></div><div>The widespread prevalence of religious and artistic symbols across cultures entices viewers to ask what that symbol is doing there, and why it is shared across human history. The very presence of these symbols, the commonality in the work they do on viewers and their ability to depict what cannot be said in any other way suggests inter-connectedness and intertwining of cultures and human experiences and carries a strong potential for intercultural dialogue. Symbols are carriers of possibilities, senses and interpretations. </div><div><br></div><div>Carvings and depictions of birds are among the oldest works of art ever found. Since pre-historical times, people have observed remarkable abilities of birds to move between the elements ̶ air, earth, and even water. The bird is a powerful symbol of transformation and movement between different states and worlds. It is linked to creation and beauty, death and rebirth, duality and balance, as well as vision and wisdom. A creative act of human imagination often connects birds to mythical winged beings, whose voices lead to inspiration and love or lure people into loss and destruction. This gallery invites you to explore the images and stories of famed birds in different cultural and religious contexts. It opens a window into an inexhaustible web of cross-cultural meanings surrounding this ever-present symbol.</div><div><br></div><div><b>The resource includes:</b></div><ul><li>Research-based information of symbols related to birds in different cultures.</li><li>Pedagogical instructions for using the pictures in intercultural dialogue education.</li></ul>
<div><b>PEDAGOGICAL INSTRUCTIONS </b></div><div><br></div><div><b>Work individually, with a pair or in groups:</b></div><div><br></div><ol><li>Look at the images. What kind of birds can you find?</li><li>Choose the image that intrigues you most and look at it carefully. What is it that interests you? Colours, shapes, figures, something else? </li><li>Familiarize yourself with the stories behind the image. What kind of meanings are related to the bird/birds in this image? How do they resonate with what we see and encounter around us today?</li><li>Produce something (e.g., a text, video, picture or anything you can share with others) that reflects ideas triggered by the picture.</li><li>Discuss and share your experiences.</li></ol>

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