The Constitution of the Russian Federation provides all citizens the right to free healthcare under Mandatory Medical Insurance since Back in the 1990s abortion was the main method of birth control in Russia, however, during the last years the situation has changed. Contraceptives are currently easily available from the pharmacies in Russia, mostly without any prescriptions. [Read more](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_in_Russia )
Women make 46.9% of the employed population in Russia. The greatest proportion of working women are in public health service (85%), education (81%), credit and finance (78%), information and accounting services (75%),The principle of equal pay for equal work is in the constitution but men prevail in leading positions and dominate among well paid experts.
The legal equality of women and men was established during the Bolshevik revolution in 1917, when the Provisional Government, replacing Tsar Nikolai's autocracy, granted Russia's women the right to vote and hold political office. Lenin saw women as a previously untapped force of labor, and encouraged women to partake in the communist revolution. To achieve this, the new communist government issued the First Family Code that introduced several improvements to Russian women’s rights including government paid maternity leave that has carried on to today's Russia.
Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova is a Russian cosmonaut, engineer and politician. She was the first woman in space in 1969 and completed 48 orbits of the Earth in her three days in space. [Read more](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentina_Tereshkova)
The age for pension is 55 years old for women, and 60 for men. However State pensions are usually 10000 R / month ($200) which is barely enough to eat for one month. Consequently many old women find little jobs to earn a bit more.
Read more on[ Women's Rights 360 Virtual Field Trip](Read more on Women's Rights 360). Production: ThingLink Education team. Sounds: [Bauhaus2006, freesound.org](https://www.freesound.org/people/bauhaus2006/sounds/87942/) This work is licensed under [Creative Commons Attribution 3.0](https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/)
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