Civil Rights Hotspotsby Susan
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<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Brown vs Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas</span></div><div>Oliver Brown sues the Topeka Board of Education after his daughter Linda was not allowed to attend a neighborhood all white school. The Supreme Court rules that segregated schools are unconstitutional. <b>May 17, 1954</b></div><div><br></div><div>CLICK TO EXPLORE THIS INTERACTIVE IMAGE</div> www.thinglink.com TOUCH this image to discover its story.
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Emmett Till Murdered, Sumner Mississippi</span>Emmett Till, a black teen from Chicago, was lynched in the middle of the night by two white men following a visit to Bryant's grocery store earlier that day. <b>Sep 23, 1955</b></div> flic.kr Explore soxnevad1's photos on Flickr. soxnevad1 has uploaded 173 photos to Flickr.
<h3>Rosa Parks Arrested, Montgomery, Alabama</h3><b> </b>After refusing to give up her seat to whites on a public bus, Rosa Parks, an African American woman, is arrested. Martin Luther King Jr. leads a year-long bus boycott that results in a U.S. Supreme Court case. <b>Dec 1, 1955 Click to view a sample of a collaborative group project</b> www.thinglink.com TOUCH this image to discover its story.
<div>Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas</div><div><br></div><div>Sept 4, 1957</div><div>Despite court-ordered school desegregation, Arkansas National Guardsmen and an ugly mob prevent nine African American students from entering Central High School. President Dwight Eisenhower sends federal troops to escort the Little Rock Nine to school.</div><div><br></div><div><b><span style="font-size:18px;">CLICK TO EXPLORE THE STORY OF ELIZABETH AND HAZEL</span></b></div><div><br></div> www.thinglink.com TOUCH this image to discover its story.
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Sit-Ins at Woolworths Counter, Greensboro, North Carolina</span>Four African American teenagers sit down at a whites-only lunch counter at Woolworth's as a form of non-violent protest. The sit-in movement spread to over 100 Southern cities <b>Feb 1, 1960</b></div> www.youtube.com A History Lost and Found video clip on the Woolworth Lunch Counter which was one of the focal points of the Civil Rights movement.
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Martin Luther King Jr. Arrested, Atlanta, Georgia</span>Along with 35 other people at a sit-in, Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested. John F. Kennedy, presidential candidate, presses for King to be released and gains African-American votes. Kennedy is elected President by a small margin. <b>Oct 19, 1960</b></div>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Freedom Riders Brutally Beaten, Anniston, Alabama</span>A bus full of integrated, non-violent passengers traveling from Washington DC through the South to challenge segregation are attacked. Despite this incident, Freedom Riders continued throughout the summer. <b>May 14, 1961</b></div> www.youtube.com Group singing provided solace for Freedom Riders facing the constant threat of violence. It was also an effective political tool. "Without singing, we would ...
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Martin Luther King Jr. Arrested, Albany, Georgia</span>Along with 250 activists Martin Luther King Jr. is arrested for not having a parade permit. An oral agreement from the city to end desegregation is made, but not enforced. <b>Dec 16, 1961</b></div>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">James Meridith Attends University of Mississippi,Oxford, Mississippi</span>James Meredith becomes the first black student to integrate the University of Mississippi, following a Supreme Court decision in his favor. A violent mob of enraged white people rises up the night of September 30, after Meredith arrives in Oxford. By morning, two people are dead and 160 federal marshals are injured. <b>Oct 1, 1962</b></div>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Segregation Forever Declared by Alabama Governor, Birmingham, Alabama</span>Elected governor by a landslide, George Wallace calls for "segregation forever." Several months later, Birmingham police attack nonviolent protesters with dogs, clubs, and high-pressure fire hoses. In June, Wallace will make a "stand in the schoolhouse door," blocking black students from the University of Alabama <b> Jan 14, 1963</b></div>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">NAACP Leader Medgar Evers Murdered, Jackson, Mississippi</span></div><div>Shortly after President John F. Kennedy asks Americans, in a nationally-televised speech, to examine their consciences and support civil rights, a white supremacist named Byron De La Backwith murders Mississippi NAACP leader Medgar Evers. Beckwith will escape conviction until 1994. <b>Jun 12, 1963</b></div>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers I Have a Dream Speech, Washington, DC</span>More than 250,000 people assemble on the Mall during the peaceful March on Washington. From the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his impassioned "I Have a Dream" speech, widely regarded as one of the greatest American speeches ever made. <b>Aug 28, 1963</b></div> www.youtube.com
<h3>16th Street Baptist Church Bombed, Birmingham, Alabama</h3>On a Sunday morning, Klansmen bomb the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, killing four African American girls. Local FBI agents name suspects in their report, but Bureau director J. Edgar Hoover blocks prosecutorial action. Bomber Robert Chambliss will not be convicted until 1977; Thomas Blanton Jr. and Bobby Frank Cherry will not face justice until 2000. <b>Sept 15, 1963</b>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Freedom Summer, Philadelphia, Mississippi</span>Activists launch the Freedom Summer campaign. Thousands of white college students volunteer to register voters and teach in the South. In an environment of threats and harassment, civil rights workers James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner are murdered by white supremacists. Race riots erupt that summer in Harlem and other Northern locations. <b>Jun 21, 1964</b></div>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">March from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama</span>Following "Bloody Sunday," a violent assault in which state troopers, local policemen and others attack nonviolent protesters with clubs, whips, and tear gas in front of the media, federal troops protect Martin Luther King Jr. and other demonstrators on a march from Selma to Montgomery. <b> Mar 21, 1965</b></div> www.youtube.com Vignettes from "Eyes On the Prize" relating to the March 7-21, 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches.
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">James Meredith Shot March of Fear, Hernando, Mississippi</span>James Meredith, who had integrated the University of Mississippi four years earlier, begins a 220-mile March Against Fear. He plans to walk from Memphis, Tennessee to Jackson, Mississippi, but is shot by a white man, Aubrey James Norvell. Meredith survives the attack and later completes the march; Norvell is sentenced to five years in prison. <b> Jun 6, 1966</b></div> flic.kr Explore soxnevad1's photos on Flickr. soxnevad1 has uploaded 173 photos to Flickr.
<h3>Martin Luther KIng Jr. Assaulted, Detroit, Michigan</h3><br />Riots erupt after police break up a party in a black neighborhood. Like the Watts riots of 1966, and a similar uprising in Newark just days earlier, the Detroit unrest signals deep unhappiness among black Americans about social, economic, and political inequality. After five violent days in Detroit, 43 are dead, nearly 1200 injured, and 7000 people have been arrested.
<b><h3>Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated, Memphis, Tennessee</h3></b>Apr 4, 1968In Memphis to support striking sanitation workers, Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated by a sniper at the Lorraine Motel. James Earl Ray will be later be convicted of the crime. Although presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy calls for prayer and compassion, in the subsequent days people riot in over 100 American citiesRead the full newspaper story from the New York Times. archive.nytimes.com Martin Luther King Is Slain in Memphis; A White Is Suspected; Johnson Urges Calm
<h3>Black Panther Leader Killed, Chicago, Ilinois </h3> Police storm Black Panther leader Fred Hampton's Monroe Street apartment in an early-morning raid, killing Hampton and another man, Mark Clark, and wounding others. Thousands attend Hampton's funeral. Although police claim they acted in self-defense, a subsequent investigation proves the Panthers had offered no resistance. <b> Dec 4, 1969</b>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Inmates Take Over Attica State Penitentiary, Attica, New York</span>Over 1000 inmates take over the Attica State Penitentiary. They issue demands including improved living conditions, call the prison administration "racist," and criticize the "ruthless brutalization" of prisoners. Governor Nelson Rockefeller orders the prison retaken by force in a bloody, punitive operation. Sep 9, 1971</div>
<div>Music was an important part of the Civil Rights Movement </div><div><br></div><div>Listen to the Freedom Singers</div> soundcloud.com The Freemdom Singers found ways to peacefully protest through powerful songs.
<h3>Watts Riots</h3>A black neighborhood erupts in violence after police stop a black motorist. The Watts Riots rage for days; in the end over 30 people are dead, and 1000 wounded. August 11-16, 1965
<h3>Protests in Boston About Busing </h3> Opposed to enforced desegregation of Boston schools, a group called Restore Our Alienated Rights (R.O.A.R.) holds a rally at City Hall Plaza a few days before the start of school. When their senator, Ted Kennedy, takes the stage to speak in favor of busing, the crowd reacts in anger. Protests and violence will continue in Boston for three years. <b>September 9,1974</b>
docs.google.com Jobs Each student has a job to complete Make your own copy for modification and reuse
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Turn it In</span></div> docs.google.com Simple ThingLink In Box
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;"><i>How did people struggle for justice during the US Civil Rights Movement?</i></span><b>Group Assignment</b> 1. Select one event from the map. 2. Work with other students in your group to create a ThingLink to answer the question. 3. Each student has a job to do. You will be evaluated on your contribution to the project. 4. Add your completed project to the channel <i>"Civil Rights Hotspots"</i> See rubric</div>
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Rubric</span></div> docs.google.com SFJ - Rubric
<div><br></div><div><span style="font-size:16px;">Create a ThingLink for EDU</span>Learn how to create a ThingLink</div> youtu.be
<div>Based on information from <i>Citizen King</i>, part of the American Experience series by PBS.</div> www.pbs.org American Experience | Citizen King
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