AIDs Project
Unfun fact! "The belief that HIV/AIDS can be cured as a result of sex with a virgin has been identified as a possible factor in the rape of babies and children in South Africa" (African Journal). This means that many Africans believe that having sex with a virgin would cure their HIV/AIDs. scnc.ukzn.ac.za
The disease, AIDs, affects the economy in many ways. For example, the fact that AIDs takes the lives of many Africans leads to a lack of workers. Also, those who are inflicted with the illness are unable to work at their best, if at all. Both of these facts lead to problems with the labor force and in turn, affect the economy with the resulting lack of productivity. Because of the lack of productivity, the amount of exports is reduced and the number of imports, such as expensive healthcare products, is increased. This imbalance can put strain on the economy, inhibit economic development, and could lead to defaults on debt repayments and needed assistance from the international community. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov The impact of HIV and AIDS on Africa's economic development
The disease is transmitted through the exchange of bodily fluids from one infected person to a non-infected person. These fluids can include blood, milk, semen, and vaginal secretions. The disease cannot be transmitted through just normal contact like touching, kissing, or sharing food/water. www.who.int WHO fact sheet on HIV/AIDS with key facts and information on signs and symptoms, transmission, risk factors, testing and counselling, prevention, treatment and WHO response.
To prevent contracting the disease, males and females should use contraceptives such as condoms when engaging in any intercourse. Another way of prevention would be voluntary male circumcision. It is also recommended to be tested for the disease, if exposed to any risk factors, and to proceed with treatment and counselling if infected. Another method is antiretroviral therapy regimen. This medication can be used for prevention or treatment. It can reduce the risk of an infected person transmitting the disease to his/her partner, and it also controls the replication of the virus inside of the person and helps build the infected person's immune system to fight the virus. www.who.int WHO fact sheet on HIV/AIDS with key facts and information on signs and symptoms, transmission, risk factors, testing and counselling, prevention, treatment and WHO response.
It is also very important for people who must inject drugs into themselves to take precautions against becoming infected with HIV. They can do this by using sterile injecting equipment for each injection. They should never share or use a contaminated syringe or needle to inject themselves because that would put them at great risk of HIV infection. www.who.int WHO fact sheet on HIV/AIDS with key facts and information on signs and symptoms, transmission, risk factors, testing and counselling, prevention, treatment and WHO response.
"The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people's surveillance and defense systems against infections and some types of cancer. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual. AIDS is defined by the development of certain cancers, infections, or other severe clinical manifestations" (World Health Organization). www.who.int WHO fact sheet on HIV/AIDS with key facts and information on signs and symptoms, transmission, risk factors, testing and counselling, prevention, treatment and WHO response.
Notice how HIV infections are spreading over time.
The "global total" refers to the estimated 35-40 million people living with HIV/AIDs throughout the world.
The symptoms of this disease vary depending on the stage and phase of the infection. Within a month or two of contracting HIV, many victims will develop a flu-like illness with symptoms including a fever, muscle soreness, sore throat, rash, headache, mouth or genital ulcers, swollen lymph glands, joint pain, night sweats, and/or diarrhea. At this time of primary HIV infection, the amount of virus in the blood steam is quite high, making this stage more efficient in the spreading of the disease. The next stage is clinical latent infection which can be marked by persistent swelling of lymph nodes or no specific signs or symptoms. This stage typically last eight to ten years. If the infected person receives no treatment for the infection, the disease will typically progress to AIDs in about ten years. By this time, the immune system has been severely damaged making the infected person even more susceptible to infections. At this point, infections that would not trouble a person with a healthy immune system may present great challenges for an infected person. This is the reason why many who are infected with AIDs can die from common diseases such as the common cold. www.mayoclinic.org HIV/AIDS - Symptoms and causes
This infographic was created by Oliver Dina, Jessica Meek, and Rachael Moore.

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