INCOME Slightly more than half the centenarians, or 51.4 per cent, were low-income. (Low-income is identified as having an annual income of $16,018 or less per individual or $24,175 per couple.)
LIVING CONDITIONS Nearly half of all the centenarians lived independently in the community. There were 19 in an acute care hospital; 989 in long-term care; and 834 lived in the community. Researchers know that among those in the community, 481 received publicly-funded home care. They don’t know if they received private care. A higher proportion of women received formal home care or lived in long-term care. This is likely because women outlive their husbands and since they are the traditional caregivers their spouses may be ill-equipped to care for them.
AGE & SEX Researchers say their findings are consistent with international data showing women have outlived men in Sweden since 1751, the Netherlands since 1860, and in Italy since 1889. Here's the breakdown for Ontario's centenarians: Age 100: 588 women and 116 men. Age 101: 434 women and 71 men. Age 102: 234 women and 38 men. Age 103: 141 women and 24 men Age 104: 64 women and 9 men. Older than 105: 110 women and 13 men.
HEALTH Among age-related conditions, physician-diagnosed dementia was identified in 1068 people, or 58 per cent, and was more frequent in women (60 per cent) than men (48 per cent). About 55 per cent, or 1003 people, had arthritis; 35 per cent, or 641, had congestive heart failure; and 27 per cent, or 498, had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. There were 267, or 15 per cent, who had a history of cancer. And 12 per cent had suffered a prior hip fracture.
MEDICATIONS Pills to rid the body of salt and water, osteoporosis medication and cholesterol-lowering drugs were most commonly dispensed in the previous year. Diuretics were given to about 52 per cent of the centenarians; bisphosphonates to 18 per cent; and statins to 11 per cent. Women were more frequently dispensed bisphosphonates (19 per cent versus 9 per cent), and men were given more statins (14 per cent versus 10 per cent.) Anti-psychotic drugs were given to 16 per cent of the centenarians and benzodiazepine therapies to 24 per cent. These were mostly given to treat dementia.
HEALTH SERVICE USE During the prior year, 18 per cent had been hospitalized and 27 per cent had visited the emergency department. Remarkably, 64 per cent had not been hospitalized, nor visited emergency. Almost all, about 95 per cent, visited a primary care physician, and 5 per cent had seen a geriatrician.