The impact of gender on health - Asthma was higher for boys than for girls of the same age range (15% vs 12%). - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is consistently higher for boys (19%) than for girls (8.8%) of the same age. - Death from injury was higher for boys (7.9 deaths per 100,000 children) than for girls (4.3 deaths per 100,000 children). www.aihw.gov.au
The influence of sexuality on health: • In a study of 200 lesbians, 60% reported feeling depression related to their sexual orientation while 63% had contemplated suicide and 30% had attempted suicide. • A study of pregnancy rates among adolescent women showed that 12% of those who identified as lesbian had been pregnant, versus 5% of heterosexual respondents. • Higher rates of smoking and smoking over longer periods of time. • A more positive body image than heterosexual women.
The influence of migration, race and ethnicity - arrive with a “healthy migrant effect”, but this good health declines the longer migrants live in Australia - Australian born persons have a higher prevalence of obesity than their overseas-born counterpart. - Lung cancer is higher in UK and European migrants compared to their Australian counterpart. - Cervical cancer is higher in Asian migrants than their Australian counterpart. - Australian men had a higher rate of prostate cancer than all other birthplace groups. - Australians had a higher rate of skin cancer than all other birthplace groups. (www.aihw.gov.au)
The impact of age differences on health • People aged 65 years and over, who represented 12.5% of the population, accounted for 38.0% of allocatable health expenditure. •Average health expenditure: –$1,807 for persons aged less than 65 years. –$5,509 for 65-74 year olds –$8,895 for 75-84 year olds –$15,690 for people aged 85 •The population aged 65 years and over is projected to nearly double over the next 20 years.
The good news, by coming to university… • Decreased your chance of being overweight and obese as it least common in post secondary educated men and women • Increased the likelihood of risky or high alcohol use by approx 2%. • Reduced your risk of premature death from 24% to 15%. • Increased your life expectancy. You will live approx. four years longer than your non-higher educated counterpart – 79.2 vs 75.3 years for males – 83.6 vs 81.6 years for females (American Public Health 2004)
For more information... www.aihw.gov.au Health report card shows a nation where most are healthy, but lifestyle challenges ahead page on the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare website
A major survey of 127,545 American adults found that married men are healthier than men who were never married or whose marriages ended in divorce or widowhood. Men who have marital partners also live longer than men without spouses; men who marry after age 25 get more protection than those who tie the knot at a younger age, and the longer a man stays married, the greater his survival advantage over his unmarried peers.
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